BERNHEIM, ISAAC WOLFE (1848–1945), U.S. distiller and philanthropist. Bernheim was born in Schmieheim, Baden. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1867 and settled in Paducah, Kentucky, where he worked as a salesman and bookkeeper. In 1872 Bernheim, together with a brother, established a distillery. The business was moved to Louisville, Ky., in 1882, and became one of the most important in the country. Bernheim made several gifts to public causes. In 1889 he organized the first YMHA in Louisville and contributed its first home. He contributed to Hebrew Union College its first library building (1912), and later helped subsidize its second. Other benefactions included an addition to the Louisville Jewish Hospital (1916), sculpture for Louisville and the Statuary Hall in Washington, a 13,000 acre nature reserve near Louisville, and gifts to the village of his birth. Bernheim was rigid and autocratic in temperament. Particularly hostile to Zionism, in 1918 he addressed a letter to the Central Conference of American Rabbis urging the founding of a "Reform Church of American Israelites" to consist of "100 percent Americans." In a 1921 address to the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, of which he was a vice president and for over 40 years member of the executive board, he called for a Sunday Sabbath and argued that the terms "Jew and Judaism" were a "reservoir from which is fed the perennial spring of hatred, malice, and contempt." Likewise he urged that foreign terms such as "temple" and "synagogue" strengthened the accusation that the Jews were a "foreign and indigestible element." From 1906 to 1921 Bernheim was treasurer of the American Jewish Committee. He wrote two autobiographical works, Bernheim Family (1910) and Closing Chapters of a Busy Life (1929). He also wrote History of the Settlement of the Jews in Paducah and the Lower Ohio Valley (1912). (Sefton D. Temkin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaac Wolfe Bernheim — (November 4,1848 1945) was a Jewish businessman notable for starting the I. W. Harper brand of bourbon distilled at the Bernheim distillery in Louisville, Kentucky. The success of his distillery and distribution business helped to consolidate the …   Wikipedia

  • Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Estatua de Bronce Let There Be Light (Seamos luz), por el escultor George Grey Barnard, señala el lugar donde descansan los restos mortales del Sr. Isaac Wolfe Bernheim y esposa El Bosque de Experimentación y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest — is a 14,000 acre (57 km²) arboretum, forest, and nature preserve located in Clermont, Kentucky (south of Louisville, Kentucky, United States). Bernheim was founded in 1929 by Isaac Wolfe Bernheim, a German immigrant and successful brewer whose… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernheim — is a surname and may refer to:* Alain Bernheim, French Masonic author * Emmanuèle Bernheim (1955 ), French writer * Ernst Bernheim (1850–1922), German Jewish historian * Hippolyte Bernheim (1837 1919), French Jewish physician and neurologist *… …   Wikipedia

  • Anchorage, Kentucky — Infobox Settlement official name = Anchorage, Kentucky settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image |pushpin pushpin label position =left pushpin map caption =Location within the state of Kentucky pushpin mapsize =… …   Wikipedia

  • Schmieheim — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • List of West European Jews — Apart from France, established Jewish populations exist in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy and Switzerland. With the original medieval populations wiped out by the Black Death and the pogroms that followed it, the current Dutch and… …   Wikipedia

  • Kentucky — This article is about the Commonwealth of Kentucky. For other uses, see Kentucky (disambiguation). Commonwealth of Kentucky …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”